After an arrest, an individual will go to first appearance. A lot of times that's conducted through a video. At that incident, the judge will advise you of your rights, inquire as to whether you have an attorney, and set bail. The next process would be bailing out, or a preliminary hearing. After the preliminary hearing, if one is held, first appearance, or arraignment, would be the next step. At arraignment, again, you would be advised of your rights.
Most like, if you didn't have a lawyer, which you should by that time, a public defender would be appointed. The process after that is trial. Between the arraignment and trial, there is several pre-trials. Your attorney will be able to get discovery, which is all the information the state has against you.