Defendant petitioned the appellant Court for issuance of a writ of habeas corpus, challenging the lower court's denial of pre-trial bond. Because the defendant was not given a proper pre-trial detention hearing the Court granted the petition and direct the trial court to hold a proper hearing pursuant to Florida Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.132(c).
Defendant was initially held for four days before being brought before the court for an initial appearance which is well beyond the time required under Rule 3.132(a). A defendant must be brought before a judicial officer within 24 hours of arrest. When the initial appearance was held, the State moved for pretrial detention and the court granted the State's motion. No further hearing has been held.
Under Rule 3.132, a motion for pre-trial detention may be filed at first appearance. If that motion is facially sufficient, and there is probable cause supporting the charges, the court can detain the defendant until a final hearing on pretrial detention is held. A hearing must be held within 5 days, and the State bears the burden of proving the need for pretrial detention. The State properly concedes that no final hearing was scheduled or held on pretrial detention.